Types of Disabilities

Hearing impairments

  • Deaf people
  • Hard of hearing people
  • Deaf-blind people
  • Difficulty understanding speech in noisy environments

Examples of assistive technologies for video: transcript (text document that contains the text spoken in a video), captions (text displayed on screen that describes the dialog or sound of a video).

Visual impairments

  • People with low vision
  • People with color blindness
  • People sensitive to bright colors or lights
  • Blind people
  • Deaf-blind people

Examples of assistive technologies: braille display, screen reader, screen magnifier, customization of the display options.

Cognitive impairments

  • People with dyslexia
  • People with autism
  • Other disorder involving problems with reading, memory, concentration, understanding, problem solving, and language.

Examples of assistive technologies: speech recognition, hierarchized and simplified information, sans-serif fonts (Arial, OpenDyslexic), customized text spacing and colors.

Motor and dexterity impairments

  • People with limited or no use of their hands
  • People with uncontrollable tremors
  • People with difficulties to manipulate a mouse or type on a keyboard
  • People not able to use a mouse or a keyboard

Examples of assistive technologies: ergonomic keyboard and mouse, keyboard keyguard, joysticks, trackballs, switches, speech recognition software.

Digital accessibility

Digital accessibility is useful beyond physical and mental impairments and brings comfort to everyone in case of: